Russia Population 2023 (Live) (2024)


Between 1993 and 2008, Russia’s population saw a considerable decline in its population from 148.37 million to 143.25. During this time, Russia experienced low birth rates and abnormally high death rates. Since then, the population has increased again to 145.93 million; however, the population is expected to reach its peak at the end of 2020 and is projected to start declining again.

Russia has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world of 1.58 births per woman, which is also below the replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman. Russia also has one of the oldest populations in the world with an average age of 40.3 years. Further contributing to Russia’s population decline is a low level of immigration.

While projections into the future of Russia are very difficult, it's estimated that Russia will fall from the 9th most populous country to 17th by 2050. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has announced that he plans to boost Russia's dwindling population by encouraging immigration and higher birth rates, but estimates show that Russia's population will drop from 2014's 142 million to only 128 million by 2050.

Russia Population Growth

The Russian economy grew strongly during the first decade of the 20th century, and in 2009 the Russian population saw a small but significant increase. The increase was reported as between 15,000 and 25,000 people and was attributed to a falling death rate and increasing migration.

There are also indications that birth rates may be increasing slightly – probably due to a combination of increased confidence in Russia’s economic prospects and government incentives to new mothers -- especially a $10,000 payment which is made to mothers who have three or more children.

Population growth and demographics have long been a problem for Russia, as a decade ago the nation was losing 1 million people a year, and many doubt Vladimir Putin's plans will work. Time will tell if Russia is able to overcome its issues and see greater growth, as otherwise it will be prone to collapsing infrastructure with its massive land area and untapped natural resources.

Russia Population Projections

The rate of change of the Russian population is very close to 0% at present and the population isn't expected to change much by 2020. Further in the future, it is expected that the population will continue to decline slowly, getting down to 140 million by 2030, and 136 million by 2040.

Population Rank


Growth Rate

-0.17% (212th)

2023 World Percentage



8.82/km² (215th)

Land Area


The current population of


is 144,196,825 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1,


population at 144,444,359.

Russia Growth Rate

Russia Flag

Russia National Anthem

Russia Government

How Old is Russia?

Russia Population 2023 (Live)

Russia Population Clock

Russia Population (as of 12/28/2023)144,196,825
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)144,444,359
Births per Day3,766
Deaths per Day4,760
Migrations per Day-373
Net Change per Day-1,368
Population Change Since Jan. 1-495,216

Components of Population Change

One birth every 23 seconds
One death every 18 seconds
One emigrant every 3.87 minutes
Net loss of one person every 1.05 minutes

Russia Population Clock



Saint Petersburg5,028,000
Nizhniy Novgorod1,284,164




Russia Area and Population Density

Russia is one of the few countries with a negative growth rate, declining from an estimated population of 146.3 million in 2015.

Like most countries, Russia undertakes a census every decade or so. There is no fixed schedule, though, and until 2009 it was not certain that the 2010 census would even take place. It was only a late intervention from the Russian Government, allocating 10 billion roubles, that prevented it from being pushed back to 2013.

The full Russian census results were released in sections throughout 2011 and 2012; these can be viewed at the official Russian Census website (in the Russian language).

For the headline figures, this Russian population infographic created by Russian news agency RIA Novosti is informative.

The estimated 2014 population of Russia, which was 142.5 million, was pretty interesting, as Russia released its latest batch of data, as reported by Forbes. This information shows that Russia's run of increasing births and decreasing deaths may be ending. From January to March 2013, the number of births shrank by about 4,000, while the number of deaths increased the same amount. This means the natural loss of population was about 20% larger than in the previous year.

Russia's natural change in population over the past twenty-five years has been fairly unstable, decreasing in the early 90s, leveling out and then climbing beginning in 2005 before leveling out again.

Largest Cities in Russia

Moscow is the largest city in Russia with a population of 12.1 million people, which also makes it the 11th largest city in the world. Saint Petersburg is the second largest Russian city, with 5.1 million people, making it the 50th largest city in the world.

Interestingly, Russia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world, in part due to its harsh climate. The country has a population density of just 8.4 people per square kilometer (22 per square mile), but the population is most dense in the European area of the country around Saint Petersburg and Moscow.

Russia is mostly an urban country; according to the census results, 74% of Russians live in urban areas -- either towns or cities. Ten other Russian cities have a population of more than a million people.

Interestingly, the population of Russia’s cities has increased over the past ten years, reflecting the increasing urbanization of Russia as people move from the countryside to cities in search of better employment.

Russia Population Density Map

Download Table Data



Growth Rate

Density (km²)

Population Rank

Density Rank





Russia Population by Year (Historical)

Download Table Data



Growth Rate

Density (km²)

Population Rank

Density Rank





Russia Population by Year (Projections)

Russia Population Pyramid 2023

Russia Median Age







Russia Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Russia.

Census Years



198912 January 1989
20029 October 2002
201025 October 2010




Russia Population Pyramid

The Census results are probably the most reliable indicator, but other estimates of the Russia population are available. Rosstat, the official Government statistics agency, suggested that the population of Russia in 2011 was 141.8 million, and the CIA estimated that the population was even lower: 138.7 million.

Russian Demographics

As you can see from the graphic, almost half of all Russians live in just two areas: the Central and Volga federal districts. The further east you go --to Siberia and beyond -- the less dense the population is.

The graphic also demonstrates that Russia is a fairly ethnically diverse country. Although almost 81% of Russian citizens identify themselves as ethnic Russians, there are also other large ethnic groups. 3.9% of Russians are Tartars, 1.4% Ukrainians, 1.2% Bashkirs, 1.1% Chuvashs and 1.0% Chechens. 3.9% of the population did not declare any ethnic origin.

In total, there are more than 185 different ethnic groups in Russia. Russian is the official language of the country and spoken by almost everyone. There are a total of 35 official languages in Russia, and more than a hundred other languages that do not have official recognition. Some are close to extinction.

Russia Religion, Economy and Politics

The Russian state religion is Orthodox Christianity. There is no official census data on religion, but a 2012 survey indicated that 41% of Russians were Russian Orthodox Christians, 13% were non-religious, 6.5% were Muslims, and 5.5% were "undecided."

Russia Population History

The Russian population has been steadily declining for almost two decades now. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the population of Russia was recorded at 148,538,000.

Over the next decade, the population decreased at a fairly steady rate of a half percent per year. The causes for this were twofold. Firstly the number of people dying increased due to a fall in living standards, and among men who were hit hardest, alcoholism. The average life expectancy for women held fairly steady at 75 years, but Russian male life expectancy dropped dramatically to 63 years.

Combined with this, birth rates fell sharply as well. From around 17 per 1,000 persons in the mid 1980s, the rate fell to below 10 per 1,000 in the mid-1990s – well below the rate needed to sustain a population. Economic uncertainty was a major factor in this, persuading people against having children.

Cities in Russia

Russia Population Rank 2023


Country Age

How Old is Russia

Area (km²)


2023 Growth Rate







$1.28 Tn

Where is Russia?

Countries starting with R

Russia - General Info


As an expert and enthusiast, I have access to a wide range of information and can provide insights on various topics, including the concepts mentioned in the article you provided. Here's a breakdown of the information related to the concepts used in the article:

Russia's Population Decline and Increase:

Between 1993 and 2008, Russia experienced a considerable decline in its population, from 148.37 million to 143.25 million. This decline was attributed to low birth rates and high death rates [[1]]. However, since then, the population has increased again to 145.93 million [[1]]. It's important to note that these facts are based on the information provided in the article, and I don't have access to real-time data to verify the current population.

Fertility Rates and Age Distribution:

Russia has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, with 1.58 births per woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman [[1]]. Additionally, Russia has one of the oldest populations, with an average age of 40.3 years [[1]].

Immigration and Population Projections:

Russia's population decline is further influenced by a low level of immigration [[1]]. Projections suggest that Russia's population will fall from the 9th most populous country to 17th by 2050 [[1]]. Despite efforts by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin to boost the population through immigration and higher birth rates, estimates show that the population is expected to decrease from 142 million in 2014 to 128 million by 2050 [[1]].

Population Growth and Demographics:

The Russian economy experienced strong growth in the first decade of the 20th century, leading to a small but significant increase in the population in 2009 [[1]]. Birth rates may also be increasing slightly due to increased confidence in Russia's economic prospects and government incentives for new mothers, such as a $10,000 payment for mothers with three or more children [[1]].

Urbanization and Population Density:

Russia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world, with a population density of 8.4 people per square kilometer [[1]]. The population is most dense in the European area of the country, particularly around cities like Moscow and Saint Petersburg [[1]]. According to the census results, 74% of Russians live in urban areas, either towns or cities [[1]].

Ethnic Diversity and Religion:

Russia is a fairly ethnically diverse country, with various ethnic groups. Approximately 81% of Russian citizens identify themselves as ethnic Russians, but there are also significant populations of Tartars, Ukrainians, Bashkirs, Chuvashs, and Chechens [[1]]. The official religion of Russia is Orthodox Christianity, with approximately 41% of Russians identifying as Russian Orthodox Christians [[1]].

Please note that the information provided above is based on the content of the article you shared. It's always a good idea to consult multiple sources and verify the latest data for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

Russia Population 2023 (Live) (2024)


Russia Population 2023 (Live)? ›

Russia 2023 population is estimated at 144,444,359 people at mid year. Russia population is equivalent to 1.8% of the total world population.

How many people live in Russia 2023? ›

The population of Russia in 2023 was 144,444,359, a 0.19% decline from 2022. The population of Russia in 2022 was 144,713,314, a 0.27% decline from 2021.

What is the population of Russia right now? ›

In 2022, the total population of Russia was around 143.44 million people. Only a fraction of them live in the major Russian cities. With almost 12.5 million inhabitants, Moscow is largest of them. Russia holds the sixth largest economy in the world and is one of wealthiest nations.

Where do 75% of Russia's population live? ›

European Russia accounts for about 75% of Russia's total population. It covers an area of over 3,969,100 square kilometres (1,532,500 sq mi), with a population of nearly 110 million—making Russia the largest and most populous country in Europe, surpassing second-place Germany.

What will Russia's population be in 2050? ›

As a result of low fertility, the population of the Russian Federation is projected to decline from 148.1 million in 1995 to 121.3 million in 2050.

Why is Russia so big? ›

Russia's vast territory is the result of centuries of geopolitical calculations, strategic acquisitions, and imperial expansion. Ruling families such as Ivan the Terrible and Catherine the Great left a huge territorial area that is largely responsible for modern-day Russia.

What is the living age in Russia? ›

The life expectancy for Russia in 2022 was 72.84 years, a 0.19% increase from 2021.

What makes up 80% of Russia's population? ›

Roughly 80 percent of Russians trace their ancestry to the Slavs who settled in the country 1,500 years ago.

Why is Russia so big with little population? ›

Answer and Explanation: Russia's population density is so low because much of the land in northern Russia is uninhabitable because it is frozen tundra. Although no one lives in this land, it is still taken into account when dividing the total population by total land area to find population density.

What is Russia's religion? ›

The majority of believers belong to the Orthodox Christian denomination. Russia adopted Christianity under Prince Vladimir of Kiev in 988, in a ceremony patterned on Byzantine rites. Russia's baptism laid the foundations for the rise of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Is Russia's population still declining? ›

The UN is projecting that the decline that started in 2021 will continue, and if current demographic conditions persist, Russia's population would be 120 million in fifty years, a decline of about 17%.

Is Russia's population stable? ›

Russia's natural population growth has be negative or flat since 2000, which means that overall deaths have outnumbered births. Only 1.27 million babies were born in Russia last year, the lowest number since 2000. The drop in the birth rate echoes the massive drop in the 1990s following the breakup of the Soviet Union.

What will Mexico's population be in 2050? ›

This statistic displays a timeline of the annual average population in Mexico in the mid-year 2015, as well as a forecast until 2050. It is estimated that the average population of Mexico will exceed 145 million people by 2050, up from 121 million in 2015.

What is the population of Russia 2023 in billion? ›

Russia's population is estimated by the United Nations to be 144.4 million in 2023. Russia last conducted a national census in 2021 and 100% of births in Russia are recorded.

Where does 75% of Russia's population live and why? ›

Most of Russia's population lives west of the Ural Mountains where the climate is more temperate and there are more connections with Eastern Europe (see Figure 3.6). Russia is highly urbanized, with almost three-quarters of the population living in cities.

What is the population of Russia in million in 2023? ›

As of January 1, 2023, 146.45 million people were estimated to be residing on the Russian territory, marking a decrease of approximately 530 thousand from the previous year.

What is the population of Russia in 2030? ›

The population of Russia is expected to decrease from 146 million people in 2020 to 143 million in 2030 and 136 million in 2050.

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